With the Korean War breaking out, Ferry Porsche’s dream of returning to his company’s former headquarters and factory wasn’t going to happen anytime soon. The war itself ended up enhancing the industrial and economic reconstruction of western and Eastern Germany. The continuing presence of allied troops meant that they had to purchase food, beverages from the locals.
Some soldiers even went on to purchase automobiles and luxurious goods to take them back home when they resigned or called back to their home countries after completing their required time schedule.
The Korean War and its effects are also known as the economic miracle by the Germans due to the significance of it to German Industrialization.
It is said that nearly 18 million Germans were deported from France, England, Western European countries, and Poland, due to their part in WW2. The British, French, Dutch, Swedes, and Norwegians considered this as an opportunity to get rid of the Germans who were annexing their countries. Joseph Stalin considered this as an opportunity to get rid of possible uprisings that could happen in the future.
This mass deportation and migration is relatively not known outside of Germany, and it was befallen on the Eastern German and Western German authorities to find housing and working facilities for these migrants and refugees.
This also meant that there was a large population of skilled and unskilled laborers available to be hired to work in factories and new business ventures.
Ferry Porsche contracted Reutter Karosserie to the manufacturing of 500 car bodies. Reutter Karosserie was based on Zuffenhausen and when the US army decided to not hand over the workshops, Ferry Porsche purchased a cramped building closer to the Reutter Karosserie. Now his designers and engineers were working in this cramped building in Zuffenhausen and at the Porsche family estate in Stuttgart, they constantly worked on improving the Porsche 356 cars.
Porsche Type 547 Carrera engine
Ernst Fuhrmann, joined Porsche’s Gmund operations in 1947. Once in Zuffenhausen, he worked on research and development. His work on camshafts led to the development of the high revving Type 547 engine.
Ernst Fuhrmann’s twin cam 1500S or Super 1500 engine delivered 112hp. This was what Porsche was looking for and this meant that they do not have to equip their cars with the original VW-derived 1131cc four-cylinder engine.
When racing events resumed across Europe, allied soldiers were watching the Porsche coupes and Spyders competing in racetracks. Some soldiers purchased a car for themselves when they returned to the US.
Across the US, there was a massive demand for motorsport and with the soldiers returning home in their foreign-made agile and lightweight cars, there was a growing demand for these foreign lesser-known cars due to their looks and performance.
Porsche 356 America Roadster and Porsche 356 Speedster
Max Hoffman, a US importer of European luxury items and automobiles used to own a Porsche Glockler racer for a whole season, and impressed with its performance, he met Porsche to convince him to make an open-top race car for the American market.
This resulted in the Porsche 356 America Roadster. This was internally known as the Type 540.
The Porsche 356 America Roadster was a 1335-pound lightweight car with its body made with aluminum. A 70hp engine was chosen to power the car. A limited run of the Porsche 540 America Roadster happened from 1952 to 1953.
The Porsche 356 America Roadster was the beginning of the Speedster.
The Porsche 356 Speedster was unveiled in 1954 as the second variation of the 540 series. This was also built due to the influence of Max Hoffman and his West Coast distributor, Johnny von Neumann.
Porsche 356 A
On March 12th of 1956, Ferry Porsche moved into his father’s Zuffenhausen headquarters and workplace. By the time they went back to their old place, they had been in car manufacturing for 10 years and had produced nearly ten thousand cars, and they had unveiled the next generation Porsche 356 A.
Porsche developed their new engine, 1582cc Type 616. This engine delivered 60hp and its variant, the Type 616/2 Super engine delivered 75hp.
Just like Ferry Porsche, his engine designer, Ernst Fuhrmann, and their press director Huschke von Hanstein and many others in the company were motorsport enthusiasts and with their success in motorsport well-published in newspapers, more demand was created for their cars.
Porsche 356 A Grand Sport Carrera
In 1956, Porsche unveiled the Porsche 356 A 1500 Grand Sport Carrera. This was an A coupe equipped with Ernst Fuhrmann’s new Type 547/1 twin-cam engine. This engine delivered 100hp.
The 100hp Type 547/1 twin cam engine in coupes and cabriolets for the 1956 and 1957 model years and speedsters through 1958.
Porsche 356 1500 GS Carrera Coupe
Porsche 356 A 1500 GS/GT Grand Sport Gran Turismo
In 1957, Porsche unveiled the Porsche 356 A 1500 GS/GT, Grand Sport Gran Turismo. This car was developed to compete in GT class racing events across Europe and in the US. The GS/GT combination was only offered in Speedsters and coupes.
Porsche 356 Carrera GS
In 1958, Porsche unveiled the Porsche 356 GS Carrera de Luxe, a Grand Sport style sports car, suitable for people looking for a luxury coupe with uncompromised performance. Porsche 356 GS Carrera de Luxe was available in coupe, cabriolet, and speedster body variants.
Body style range expanded with the addition of a hardtop coupe and a hardtop cabriolet.
In 1959, Porsche replaced the Porsche 356 Speedster with a convertible. This convertible was manufactured by Brauz Karosserie.
Porsche 356 B
In 1960, the Porsche 356 B was unveiled and this was known as the project V or T5 inside the Porsche development center.
Porsche 356 B received a revised body, now featuring better overriders, new turn indicator lamps, and horn grilles, new openings below the bumper for brake cooling, and optional fog lamps. The height of headlamps, fenders, and front bumpers now enlarged by 95 mm along with the rear bumper getting a 105 mm height rise. Tailpipes now ran through the rear vertical overriders.
All the engines now had a displacement of 1582cc, hence was known as the 1600 series. The model range consisted of the 60hp 1600 normal in coupe, cabriolet, hardtop coupe, hardtop convertible, or a roadster.
Porsche 356 B Super 90 Roadster and Porsche 356 B 1600 Roadster
The Porsche 356 B 1600 Roadster was designed and assembled by D’leteren Freres in Belgium.
A 75hp 1600 Superseries, a 90hp Super 90 series was also available for the customers.
Exclusively for 1960 and 1961 model years, a Porsche 1600GS Carrera GT coupe was available with 115hp maximum power output.
Porsche 356 B Carrera 2000GS
For 1962 and 1963 T6 models, Porsche replaced the 1600GS with a new 2000GS package, a 2.0-liter engine. Porsche 356 B 2000GS Carrera was available in coupe and hardtop variants. GS GT Carrera 2 was also available in either body style.
Porsche 356 C and Porsche 356 SC
Porsche 356 range was extended for the 1964 and 1965 model years with the introduction of C and SC coupe and cabriolet models.
The type 616/15 C engine delivered 75hp and the Type 616/16 Super C delivered 95hp.
The 2.0-liter models were also available and the Type 587/1 engine delivered 130hp.
By 1957 and 1958, Porsche’s main customer was the US market with an ever-increasing demand for the Porsche 356 series.
Due to the revaluing of exchange rates, the price for 1961 Porsche models rose by almost 5%.