BMW Nazca C2

BMW Nazca C2

BMW Nazca C2
BMW Nazca C2

The BMW Nazca C2 was designed by the Italdesign design studio based in Turin, Italy. It is also known as the Italdesign Nazca C2. It was developed to become the official replacement of the BMW M1 supercar, but BMW was afraid to continue the project due to the financial failure of the M1 project.

It was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign Giugiaro.

The car features a front fascia similar to the frontal design of the BMW M1 car.

BMW Nazca C2 rear
BMW Nazca C2 rear

 The car was available as either a two-door coupe or a two-door Targa top.

Nazca project began in 1991 when the Nazca M12 was unveiled at the Tokyo Motor show.

It was derived from the Bugatti ID 90 concept which was unveiled a year ago.

The Nazca M12 was the first car ever to be designed by Fabrizio Giugiaro, the son of Giorgetto Giugiaro. Fabrizio included many aerodynamically tweaked features and design elements to improve aerodynamic efficiency. Most of these design elements were the elements of Group C race cars.

Nazca M12 achieved a drag coefficient of 0.26 cd when tested in the BMW wind tunnel.


1991 BMW Nazca C2 front
1991 BMW Nazca C2 coupe front

The body panels of the car were made out of carbon fiber. Carbon fiber was incorporated to reinforce the aluminum alloy steel tubular space frame.

The car has a total weight of 1100 kg due to the excessive use of composite materials and lightweight alloys.


BMW Nazca C2 gullwings
BMW Nazca C2 gullwing

Nazca C2 features a unique door mechanism. It is a mixture of conventionally opening the lower part of the door and a gull-wing mechanism to open the upper part of the door.

The engine cover and the front of the car were made from a single piece of molder carbon fiber. These body panels can be opened to get easy access to the internal mechanical components of the car.

Technical specifications

1991 BMW Nazca C2 engine
1991 BMW Nazca C2 engine

The engine cover has a glass window of sorts to display the beautiful state-of-the-art 5.0-liter V12 engine which was taken from the production BMW 850i.

The maximum output of the engine was rated at 300 horsepower when connected to a five-speed manual sequential gearbox. 

In 1992, The Nazca C2 was unveiled to the public. The Nazca C2 featured a redesigned front paying homage to the conventional BMW style, featuring dual headlights on each side and the unique kidney shell grille.

To improve the performance and handling aspects of the car, Italdesign invited the German tuning house, Alpina to improve the engine and the suspension.

Alpina modified the engine and increased the performance with an additional 50 horsepower, now delivering 350 horsepower.

This engine was also shared with the Alpina B12 5.0, an Alpina tuned BMW 8 series car.

Nazca C2 also has fixed racing seats and three spoilers at the rear to signify its track-oriented performance.

The Nazca C2 is having a 100 kg lesser curb weight than the Nazca M12 did.

Production numbers

Three prototypes were built in total including the Nazca M12. BMW allowed to use their brand name and BMW derived designing features such as the kidney grille on the three concept cars.

Nazca C2 Spider

1991 BMW Nazca C2
1991 BMW Nazca C2

The Nazca C2 Spider was unveiled at the 1993 Formula One Grand Prix which was held in Monte Carlo.

Italdesign unveiled this slightly redesigned car featuring removable glass panels instead of the Semi-gull-wing doors. Removing the glass panels, converted the car to a proper Targa top style roadster.

The removable glass panels could be stored in the luggage compartment in the front of the car and could be installed quickly

To reinforce the structural rigidity of the car, a roll bar was fitted. This roll bar was painted in the body color of the car, making it harder to identify at a first glance.

The intake manifold of the engine was redesign to allow more air to the engine.

The car was fitted with a 5.7-liter V12 BMW engine from a BMW 850 CSI.

The maximum output of the engine was rated at 380 horsepower when mated to a six-speed manual sequential gearbox. 

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