Development of the Porsche 95B project started in 2010.
Back then, many hardcore Porsche enthusiasts were criticizing Porsche for the introduction of the Porsche Cayenne SUV and the Porsche Panamera that was introduced for the 2010 model year. Porsche was also getting ready to unveil their newest generation of the Porsche 911 series as well. When the development of the Type 95B project started, many openly questioned the vision of the company as well as the future of the Porsche 911 series.
Klaus Gerhard Wolpert, the person who leads the team of engineers and designers behind the Porsche Cayenne project was chosen for the development of the Type 95B project as well when the executive board decided to approve the project in spring 2011. The executive board also authorized an expansion of the Leipzig plant to build the new vehicle at a cost of 500 million euros.
Harald Schwer was chosen as the head chassis engineer of the Type 95B project. Since the new vehicle was based on the underpinnings of the Audi Q5, sharing its platform and wheelbase, but the rest of it was supposed to be entirely Porsche developed.
Sharing platforms allowed for cost-cutting in development and research as well as the cost of tooling and manufacturing an entirely new platform to be used specifically for the new car.
Soon many concepts came to life. The first concept was known as the Cajun, in short for Cayenne Junior. This concept had the classic coke bottle body proportions with a narrowed cabin, wide and aggressive rear end.
Harald Schwer asked the designer why the rear end is wide and aggressive to which he replied that it was to accommodate wider and large diameter tires in the rear. This results in better traction and power delivery to the rear wheels than the same size tires in front and rear.
To test this out practically, an Audi Q5 was equipped with wider diameter rear tires. It was five seconds faster than its same size tires-equipped models.
Porsche decided to make another SUV due to the sales success of their first-ever SUV, the Porsche Cayenne. When they did some research, they found out that there was a huge demand for high-performance compact SUVs and people were buying them instead of purchasing station wagons and compact cars due to the commanding road presence and everyday practicality.
Since the SUV customers are interested in its utilitarian capabilities as well as the creature comforts, Porsche had to design the interior very carefully. It was also evident that Porsche customers were expecting their cars to be sportier.
To make the new SUV sportier, engineers decided to make it derived from the Porsche 911 series rather than developing it as a Porsche Cayenne’s compact variant. To get this done, the designers started with the seating position of the new car. Soon, the parameters of the project changed from developing a compact SUV to developing a crossover SUV.
The interior was similar to the other Porsche models. The rising center console that slides into the driver’s seat was similar to the center console design of the Porsche Panamera. The steering wheel position was similar to the Porsche 991 series. The seating position was 2.76 inches lower when compared to the Porsche Cayenne.
Michael Maur, the vice president of Porsche’s styling department, told his designers to design the Type 95B in such a way to reflect Porsche DNA. With this, the front fascia was completely redesigned to looks like an evolution of the Porsche Cayenne. It also had the arcing roofline over the passenger compartment just like every Porsche 911 did. It also received new LED taillights, and the other models also received LED taillights soon.
Now the new compact SUV was officially called Porsche Macan.
Harald Schwer, the chief chassis engineer of the Porsche Macan, decided to change many mechanical components to make it sportier despite the budget concerns. This resulted in having 60% different parts than the Audi Q5 underpinnings. The wheels, tires, and even the engine mounts were different. The Audi Q5 based suspension setup is heavily modified. All these modifications and upgrades resulted in better strength and stability than the Audi Q5. It was also 300 pounds lighter than the Audi Q5.
Porsche Macan is 1.7-inch longer, 1.4-inch wider than the Audi Q5.
When Klaus Gerhard Wolper and his team began to work on the Porsche Cayenne in the late 1990s, then CEO Wendelin Wiedeking specifically pointed out that the production SUV must be capable enough to tackle the rough terrains and underdeveloped roads in emerging markets of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and Middle Eastern markets.
This resulted in increased ground clearance and a specifically developed all-wheel-drive system to cope with decent off-road situations.
However, when the Porsche Macan development process began, Porsche market analysts pointed out that the Indian market was showing stagnation. Porsche CEO, Matthias Muller pointed out that the Porsche should focus on its more traditional venues such as Europe and North America. Also, the road qualities in BRIC countries and the Middle East were now much better than they used to be.
After considering these facts, it was decided that the off-road capabilities were not that important for these demographics. However, with engineers being stubborn as they wanted to create an SUV with serious off-road capabilities, it received better climbing and departure angle as well as a hill descent control system called Porsche Hill Control (PHC). This allowed the Porsche Macan to ascend 80%- or 36-degree climbs. Ascent and descent speed was held in check by the PHC system.
An optional air suspension chassis lifted the Porsche Macan 1.58 inches above the normal ride height thus providing a maximum of 9.06 inches of ground clearance.
Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) is available as an optional extra. It uses an onboard system to control the vertical movement of the vehicle’s wheels relative to the chassis or body, thus resulting in better balance and road holding.
Porsche Macan was given three inline-six engines to power its variants.
The Porsche Macan Turbo was equipped with a new twin-turbo 3.6-liter inline-six engine, delivering 400hp maximum at 6000rpm and maximum torque of 406 lb-ft at 1350-4500rpm. This engine derived from the Porsche Panamera V8.
When equipped with the Sport Chrono package, the Porsche Macan Turbo, delivered 434hp at 6000rpm, and
Porsche Macan Turbo achieved 0-60mph in 4.6 seconds or 4.4 seconds with the optional Sport Chrono package.
Porsche Macan S was equipped with a twin-turbocharged 3.0-liter inline-six engine, delivering 340hp maximum output between 5500rpm and 6500rpm. Porsche Macan S could reach 0-60mph in 5.2 seconds.
Diesel variant of the Porsche Macan was equipped with a single turbocharged 3.0-liter inline-six engine, delivering 254hp at 4000-4500rpm. Maximum torque was measured at 428 lb-ft at 1750-2500rpm. CO2 emissions were measured at 159g/km.
Due to the strict emission regulations in China, an inline-four equipped Porsche Macan was unveiled for the Chinese and selected Asian markets. This inline-four engine was a Volkswagen 2.0-liter EA888 Gen 3 unit that has been reworked by Porsche engineers. This variant became the first Porsche to be powered by an inline-four engine since Porsche 968, soon to be followed by the Porsche 718 Cayman and Boxter. This was available in the UK market, and some Latin American markets as well.
All the Porsche Macan variants were equipped with Porsche Dopplekupplungstreibe (PDK) double-clutch seven-speed transmission and an active all-wheel-drive system.
The curb weight ranged from 4103 pounds in Porsche Macan S to 4235 pounds in the Porsche Macan Turbo.
Porsche Macan proved to be agile and easier to drive than the Porsche Cayenne and this was largely due to the extensive research and testing done by engineers and test drivers with various combinations of wheels and tires.
They eventually settled on the mixed wheel and tire sizes, without relying on Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) system. PDCC was first introduced to the Porsche Cayenne and Porsche Panamera and then to the upcoming Porsche 991 series.
The decision not to equip the Porsche Macan with the excellent PDCC system was to save costs in development and manufacturing.
Porsche Macan was debuted at the 2013 Los Angeles Auto Show.
In October 2015, Porsche Macan GTS was unveiled and introduced for the 2016 model year to fill the gap between the Porsche Macan S and Porsche Macan Turbo.
Porsche Macan GTS was equipped with a 3.0-liter twin-turbocharged inline-six engine, delivering 355hp at 6000rpm and maximum torque of 368 lb-ft at 1650-4000rpm.
In 2017, the base Porsche Macan was unveiled with a turbocharged inline-four engine, delivering 252hp. This was also equipped with the same reworked 2.0-liter inline-four engine as before. This variant was now available in all the markets around the world. Power output was measured at 249hp at 5000-6800rpm. Maximum torque was measured at 273 lb-ft at 1500-4500rpm. This car was equipped with four-piston aluminum monobloc fixed calipers with 345mm internally ventilated disc brakes.
All the inline-six equipped Porsche Macan variants are equipped with six-piston aluminum monobloc fixed calipers with 350mm to 360mm internally ventilated brake discs, rear: single-piston floating calipers with 330 mm to 356mm internally ventilated brake discs.
Porsche sold more than 350,000 Macan variants since 2014, according to their press release in July 2018.
At the 2018 Shanghai Auto Show, a revised Macan inline-four petrol variant was unveiled. It was announced that the revised Porsche Macan series will be available for the 2019 model year.
The revised Porsche Macan now featured an overhauled chassis, a particulate filter fitted as standard for gasoline variants as standard, revised front and rear fascia along with front LED headlights and rear LED taillights as standard.
The interior was also completely revised and now featured a 10.9-inch touch screen display and Connect Plus with Porsche off-road Precision application as standard.
Active air suspension system, torque vectoring, Sport Chrono package with Launch control, park, and traffic assistance systems are available as an optional extra.