The Evolution of Porsche 911: Porsche 991

2012 – 2019 Porsche 991

2012 Porsche 911 convertible
2012 Porsche 911 convertible

 The Porsche 991 was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show on 15th September 2011 as the replacement for Porsche 997.

The 991 series was an entirely new platform and marked as the third time of being an entirely new platform since the original Porsche 911. The last time the Porsche 911 family went through a complete redesign was the Porsche 996.

The design of the Porsche 991

Porsche 911 Carrera 4S
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S

The Porsche 991 was slightly larger with an increased wheelbase by 3.9 inches and an increased overall length by 2.8 inches.

A new transaxle was developed so that the rear wheels could be moved 3 inches backward in relation to the position of the engine. This was done to improve the weight distribution and cornering performance of the car.

To build the car, high-strength steel, aluminum, and composite materials were used to reduce the curb weight of the car as much as possible.

2012 – 2019 Porsche 991

This resulted in the Porsche 991 series having a minimum weight of 1380 kg for the Carrera base model and the highest 1969kg for the Turbo S Cabriolet.

The all-wheel-drive layout and PDK transmission also added some weight to the car over the manual transmission and the rear-wheel-drive setup.

Porsche 911 Carrera 4S
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S

The Porsche Dopplekupplung (PDK) transmission was available as an option for all Porsche 991 models as a seven-speed transmission unit. This unit featured both manual and automatic modes. It is basically a combination of two gearboxes together into a single unit and therefore required two clutches. This unit was produced by ZF Friedrichshafen, a reputed German automotive products manufacturer.

Gear one to six features close ratio and the top speed is reached in the sixth. Seventh gear has a long ratio and keeps the engine revs lower to reduce fuel consumption.

2011 – 2016 Porsche 911 Carrera and Carrera S

Porsche 911 Carrera S
Porsche 911 Carrera S
Porsche 911 Carrera S
Porsche 911 Carrera S

Porsche Carrera was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 2011. It was equipped with a 3.4 liter flat six engine with direct fuel injection. A seven-speed manual was included as standard. The maximum performance of the engine was 345 horsepower at 7400rpm and the maximum torque generation was 288 lb-ft of torque at 5600rpm.

The Porsche Carrera S was equipped with a 3.8 liter flat six engine. This engine was then mated to a seven-speed manual gearbox. This engine delivered 395 horsepower at 7400rpm and 325 lb-ft of torque at 5600rpm.

Porsche 911 Carrera was capable of achieving 0-60mph in 4.8 seconds. The top speed was 180mph.

The Porsche 911 Carrera S was achieving 0-60mph in 4.5 seconds. The top speed was 189mph.

The convertible variant of the Porsche 991 Carrera was unveiled in both Carrera and Carrera S variants at the 2011 LA Motor Show.

Porsche 911 Carrera S Cabriolet
Porsche 911 Carrera S Cabriolet

The all-wheel-drive variants of the Porsche 991 Carrera and Carrera S were unveiled in 2012 at the Paris Motor Show.

Porsche 911 Carrera 4S
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S rear
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S rear
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet front
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet front
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet rear
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet rear

2014 – 2016 Porsche 911 Carrera GTS

Porsche 911 Carrera GTS
Porsche 911 Carrera GTS

 The Porsche 991 Carrera GTS was unveiled at the Los Angeles Motor Show in 2014. It was introduced to fill the gap in between the Porsche 911 Carrera S and Porsche 911 GT3.

A sport exhaust system, dynamic engine mounts, Sports Chrono package, Porsche torque vectoring system, Porsche dynamic lighting system, Sport Design side mirrors, and front spoiler were added as standard.

Porsche 911 Carrera 4 GTS Cabriolet
Porsche 911 Carrera 4 GTS Cabriolet

The suspension system was 10mm lowered, and the car came with standard 20-inch center lock wheels.

This car was equipped with a 3.8 liter flat six engine. The maximum power output was rated at 424 horsepower.

This car was capable of achieving 0-60mph in 3.8 seconds with Launch control.

Porsche 911 GTS cabriolet
Porsche 911 GTS cabriolet

2016 Porsche 911 Carrera GTS Rennsport Reunion Edition

The Porsche 911 Carrera GTS Rennsport Reunion Edition was unveiled for the 2016 model year and was limited to 25 cars.

All the cars featured a fashion Grey livery and 18-way power sports seats.

This car was equipped with the same naturally aspirated 3.8 liter flat six engine with exclusive manual transmission, but now the power output was 430 horsepower.

This car had all the features of the standard Carrera GTS. But, received many stylistic changes like a unique decal for the hood, roof, doors, and decklid to make this car look unique.

2014 – 2016 Porsche 911 Targa 4 and Targa 4S

Porsche 911 Targa 4S
Porsche 911 Targa 4S
Porsche 911 Targa 4S roof
Porsche 911 Targa 4S roof
Porsche 911 Targa
Porsche 911 Targa

Porsche unveiled the Targa 4 and Targa 4S models at the Detroit Motor Show in January 2014.

These Targa models came with an all-new roof technology featuring the original Targa design. The soft top was electronically operated along with the B pillar and the glass dome at the rear.

Porsche unveiled the Porsche 911 Targa GTS at the North American International auto show in 2015.

The GTS variant delivered 424 horsepower.

porsche 911 targa
porsche 911 targa
Porsche 911 Targa 4S
Porsche 911 Targa 4S
Porsche 911 Targa 4s
Porsche 911 Targa 4s

2013 – 2015 Porsche 911 GT3

Porsche 911 GT3
Porsche 911 GT3
Porsche 911 GT3 RS rear
Porsche 911 GT3 RS rear

The Porsche 911 GT3 variant was unveiled in 2013 Geneva Motor Show. It was equipped with Porsche’s newest active rear wheel steering.

This revolutionary rear-wheel steering system is capable of providing higher lateral dynamics than ever. The speed of the car and its input determines whether the rear wheels steer in the same or opposite direction of the front wheels.

This is also the first Porsche GT3 variant to come exclusively with an automatic transmission.

Porsche 911 GT3 engine
Porsche 911 GT3 engine

At the beginning of 2014, the deliveries of the new cars were halted and the production was also halted. The cause for this was due to some cars catching fire.

This resulted in a recall to replace the engines of all 785 cars manufactured at the time.

Porsche announced that they will not resume the production and delivery until they have retrofitted all the 785 cars.

Porsche 911 GT3
Porsche 911 GT3

Porsche 911 GT3 achieved 0-60mph in 3.5 seconds and the top speed was 196mph.

2013 – 2016 Porsche 911 Turbo and Porsche 911 Turbo S

Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet

The Porsche 911 Turbo was introduced in 2012 for the 2013 model year.

This car features a 3.8 liter flat six engine with twin turbochargers and intercooler system. The total power output of the car was 513 horsepower and a maximum torque of 457 lb-ft.

Porsche 911 Turbo S features the same engine but a larger intercooler and larger twin turbo charging system is used to deliver 552 horsepower and 516 lb-ft of torque. The over boost function provides a maximum of 553 lb-ft of torque.

Porsche 911 Turbo S
Porsche 911 Turbo S

The Porsche 911 Turbo and Porsche 911 Turbo S features all-wheel-drive. Porsche 911 Turbo model came equipped with PDK transmission as standard and marked the first time to not to feature a manual transmission as standard in a Turbo variant. Porsche 911 Turbo S came with a PDK transmission exclusively.

Porsche 911 Turbo S interior
Porsche 911 Turbo S interior

Adaptive aerodynamics and rear wheel steering were included as standard.

The Porsche 911 Turbo achieved 0-60mph in 3.2 seconds. With a six-speed manual it achieved 0-60mph in 3.6 seconds. 

Porsche 911 Turbo S achieved 0-60mph in 2.9 seconds with a top speed of 198mph.

The Porsche 911 Turbo Cabriolet and Turbo S Cabriolet were unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Porsche 991 911 Turbo S side
Porsche 991 911 Turbo S side

2015 – 2016 Porsche 911 GT3 RS

Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS

Porsche 911 GT3 RS was unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show.

There were many key differences when comparing the car with Porsche 911 GT3.

The front fenders were equipped with louvers above the wheels, the rear fenders included intakes taken from the Porsche 911 Turbo instead of an intake below the rear wing.

Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS

The interior of the car featured carbon fiber full bucket seats derived from the Porsche 918 Spyder, carbon fiber inserts, lightweight door handles, and a magnesium roof to keep the weight down as possible.

The Club Sport Package was also included as standard. This package included a bolted-on roll cage behind the front seats, a six-point safety harness for the driver, a fire extinguisher with mounting bracket, and preparations for a battery master switch. 

Just like the Porsche 911 GT3, this car also features the rear wheel steering and Porsche Torque vectoring system with fully variable rear axle differential lock.

Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS

Instead of the 3.8 liter flat six of the Porsche 911 GT3, the GT3 RS is equipped with a bigger displacement 4.0 liter flat six. This engine delivered 493 horsepower and a maximum of 339 lb-ft of torque.

This car was exclusively available with a PDK transmission.

Porsche 911 GT3 RS was capable of achieving 0-60mph in 3.3 seconds and 0-124mph in 10.9 seconds.  The top speed was 196mph.

2016 Porsche 911 R

Porsche 911 R
Porsche 911 R

The Porsche 911 R was unveiled at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show. It features most of the standard features of the Porsche 911 GT3 RS, but several key features like the roll cage, rear wing, and body panels made out of composite materials and light weight metals were not included in this package.

This car comes exclusively with a six-speed manual transmission.

This car is claimed to have a lower drag coefficient compared to the standard GT3.

The top speed is 201mph.  0-60mph was achieved in 3.8 seconds.

Porsche 911 R
Porsche 911 R

Additional features like a lighter flywheel, removal of air conditioning and audio systems was also available for extra money.

Only 991 cars were made and all of them were delivered as 2016 models. The limited run of 991 cars was a reference to the current 991 series.

2016 – 2019 Porsche 991.2

Porsche 911 Carrera S MkII 2
Porsche 911 Carrera S MkII 2
Porsche 991
Porsche 991

Porsche 991 series received a mid-life cycle facelift and performance upgrades for the 2017 model year. The updated Porsche 991.2 series was now available with new styling features such as updated front and rear bumpers, new headlights and tail lights, new dual exhaust pipes, etc.

All the Porsche 991 series 911 variants were equipped with a 3.0-liter twin turbocharged flat six engine. This is the first time the base Porsche 911 had turbocharged engines as standard.

2016 – 2019 Porsche 911 Carrera and 911 Carrera S

Porsche 911 Carrera 4S MkII
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S MkII
2015 Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Coupe
2015 Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Coupe
2015 Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet
2016 Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet

The Porsche 911 Carrera and Porsche 911 Carrera were available as coupe or cabriolet body styles, The Carrera 4 and Carrera 4S was also available as either coupe or cabriolet body styles.

2017 – 2019 Porsche Carrera T

Porsche 911 Carrera T
Porsche 911 Carrera T

In October 2017, the Porsche 911 Carrera Touring was unveiled.

Porsche 911 Carrera T came with the base Carrera drivetrain but featured shorter rear axle ratio, mechanical differential lock, sports exhaust, Porsche active suspension mode with lowered suspension, sports chrono package as standard.

Porsche 911 Carrera T
Porsche 911 Carrera T
Porsche 911 T coupe
Porsche 911 T coupe

To save weight, reduced sound insulation, lightweight thinner glass rear windows and side windows, a shortened shift lever, Sport Tex seats, Carrera S alloy wheels, and negation of rear seats and the audio system. However, it was available as an option to re add the rear seats and the infotainment system.

The PDK transmission, rear wheel steering, and bucket seats were optional. 

2016 – 2019 Porsche 911 Targa 4 and Targa 4S

Porsche 911 Targa 4S front
Porsche 911 Targa 4S front
Porsche 911 Targa 4S
Porsche 911 Targa 4S

The Porsche 911 Targa 4 and Targa 4S were came equipped with the same 3.0 liter flat six engine. The maximum power output was 414 horsepower and the maximum torque was 368 lb-ft of torque.

2017 – 2019 Porsche Carrera GTS and Targa 4 GTS

2018 Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS
2018 Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS
2018 Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS Rear
2018 Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS Rear

In January 2017, Porsche unveiled five new GTS variants. Rear wheel drive GTS coupe and cabriolet, all-wheel drive GTS coupe, cabriolet and a Targa.

2017 -2019 Porsche 911 GT3 and GT3 Touring

2018 Porsche 991 GT3 Touring
2018 Porsche 991 GT3 Touring

The Porsche 911 GT3 was unveiled at the 2017 Geneva Motor show. This car was equipped with a 4.0 liter flat six. This car came with a PDK transmission as standard with a six-speed manual as optional.

The Porsche 911 GT3 Touring was unveiled in September 2017 with the same engine and a manual transmission as standard. This car came without a fixed rear wing.

2018 – 2019 Porsche 911 GT3 RS

In February 2018, Porsche unveiled the Porsche 911 GT3 RS variant.

Porsche 911 GT3 MKII Touring
Porsche 911 GT3 MKII Touring
Porsche 911 GT3 RS MkII Weissach Package
Porsche 911 GT3 RS MkII Weissach Package
2018 Porsche 911 GT3 RS
2018 Porsche 911 GT3 RS
Porsche 911 GT3 RS rear
Porsche 911 GT3 RS rear

2018 – 2019 Porsche 911 GT2 RS

2017 Porsche 911 GT2RS
2017 Porsche 911 GT2RS

 The Porsche 911 GT2 RS was unveiled at the 2017 Goodwood Festival of speed alongside the new Porsche 911 Turbo S Exclusive series.

Porsche 911 GT2 was equipped with the higher displacement 3.8-liter twin turbocharged flat six engine. The highest power output was 690 horsepower at 7000rpm. The maximum torque was 553 lb-ft.

This car is considered as the most powerful 911 variant ever built as it featured a power to weight ratio of an impressive 2.1 kg per every horsepower.

In September, the production Porsche 911 GT2 RS ran the Nürburgring in 6 minutes and 47.3 seconds. This was the fastest time around the Nürburgring for a Porsche 911.

2017 – 2019 Porsche 911 Turbo

Porsche 911 Turbo Cabriolet MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo Cabriolet MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo S MkII
Porsche 911 Turbo S MkII

2017 – 2019 Porsche 911Turbo S Exclusive

Turbo S Exclusive Series
Turbo S Exclusive Series
Porsche 911 Turbo S MkII Exclusive Series
Porsche 911 Turbo S MkII Exclusive Series

Porsche 911 Turbo S Exclusive was unveiled in 2017. This car featured a power kit and carbon fiber composite body panels to reduce weight. Braided carbon fiber wheels were available as an option.

The production was limited to just 500 cars.

2019 Porsche 935

Porsche 935
Porsche 935

Back in 2018, at the Porsche Rennsport Reunion VI event, Porsche unveiled a limited-edition track only Porsche 935 inspired by the original Porsche 935.

The Porsche 935 was based on the Porsche 935 GT2 RS. This car was designed to look like the original Porsche 935.

The unique front fascia and the elongated whale tail rear section of the car ended up giving an overall length of 191.5 inches, and a width of 80.1 inches. The wheelbase was 175.5 inches.

Porsche 935
Porsche 935
Porsche 935
Porsche 935

The rear wing was massive at 75.2 inches in width and 15.7 inches in depth.

The flat nose front fascia improved the aerodynamic drag co efficient and featured LED headlights mounted in the lower air intakes beneath the flat nose section.

Turbine aero wheels, a carbon fiber racing steering wheel from the Porsche 911 GT3 R, a factory installed full roll cage, Recaro racing bucket seats, adjustable wing mirrors from the Porsche 911 RSR, a lightweight lithium-ion battery, a fire extinguisher, an air jack system, and a 115-liter FIA approved safety fuel cell with fuel cut off safety valve was added as standard.

The bodywork was done in carbon fiber composite materials to save weight.

The 3.8-liter twin turbocharged intercooled flat-six engine from the Porsche GT2 RS was added to the car without any changes. This engine was then mated to a seven-speed dual clutch PDK transmission unit with a dual mass flywheel. This powertrain design delivers 690 horsepower maximum power output. The maximum torque was rated at 553 lb-ft of torque at 2250rpm to 4000rpm.

It also comes with ABS and Porsche Stability Management system as standard safety equipment.

Air conditioning is also a standard equipment.

2019 Porsche 935
2019 Porsche 935

The passenger seat and the Martini livery were inspired by the original Porsche 935.

Only 77 Porsche 935 cars were made and the delivery started in June 2019. 

The total curb weight of the car was 1380kg.   

2019 Porsche 911 Speedster

The Porsche Speedster was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 2018 as a 2019 model year car. The concept car was unveiled to celebrate the 70th birthday of Porsche.

2019 Porsche 911 Speedster
2019 Porsche 911 Speedster

The production car was based on the Porsche 911 GT3 chassis, and the bodyshell of a Porsche 911 Carrera 4 Cabriolet.

This car was equipped with a 4.0-liter naturally aspirated flat-six engine coupled with a six-speed manual transmission unit. The maximum power output was rated at 493 horsepower at 9000rpm.

A titanium exhaust system was also added as standard to save weight despite the addition of two petrol particle filters.

The unique features of the car include a double bubble roof panel, shorter windshield frames, side window glass, manual roof folding mechanism, red tinted daytime running lights, carbon-fiber fenders, carbon-fiber engine cover, carbon-fiber hood lid, and carbon-fiber stone guards.

Talbot wing mirrors and a center fuel cap as same as the ones of the Porsche 356 Speedster.

The interior was done in leather with perforated seats.

The final production version of the Porsche Speedster was unveiled in 2019 at the New York Auto show.

The Talbot wing mirrors were replaced with the standard Porsche 911 mirrors.

2019 Porsche 911 Speedster rear
2019 Porsche 911 Speedster rear

The engine from the Porsche 911 GT3, the 4.0-liter naturally aspirated flat six was now equipped with individual throttle bodies and a new fuel injection system. The power output of the engine was rated at 503 horsepower at 8400rpm and a maximum torque of 347 lb-ft at 6250rpm.

Carbon ceramic brakes were added as standard to improve braking power and handling of the car.

The Porsche 911 Speedster was the last production variant of the Porsche 991. Only 1948 cars were produced, which was a reference to the birth year of Porsche Automobiles.

The production of the 991 series ended on 20th December, 2019. The final Porsche 991 series model was a Porsche 911 Speedster. This final car was auctioned off in April 2020.

Production of the Porsche 991 series ended on 20th December 2019 with a total of 233,540 units produced.  

Porsche 911 GT3 side
Porsche 911 GT3 side
Porsche 911 GT3 Cup
Porsche 911 GT3 Cup

 

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